Houghton Primary School

"Working hard to achieve our best"


Details of the Geography Curriculum for each year group for each term can be found on the class webpages

Essential characteristics of Geographers

We have identified the following essential characteristics which we aim to develop to enable children to become independent and confident geographers:

  • An excellent knowledge of where places are and what they are like.
  • An excellent understanding of the ways in which places are interdependent and interconnected and how much human and physical environments are interrelated.
  • An extensive base of geographical knowledge and vocabulary.
  • Fluency in complex, geographical enquiry and the ability to apply questioning skills and use effective analytical and presentational techniques.
  • The ability to reach clear conclusions and develop a reasoned argument to explain findings.
  • Significant levels of originality, imagination or creativity as shown in interpretations and representations of the subject matter.
  • Highly developed and frequently utilised fieldwork and other geographical skills and techniques.
  • A passion for and commitment to the subject, and a real sense of curiosity to find out about the world and the people who live there.
  • The ability to express well-balanced opinions, rooted in very good knowledge and understanding about current and contemporary issues in society and the environment.
  • 1 river visit

Essential opportunities for Geography

In order to ensure that our children are provided with a range of opportunities to enable them to become confident and independent geographers we provide:

Key Stage One Key Stage Two

Opportunities to:

  • Investigate the world’s continents and oceans.
  • Investigate the countries and capitals of the United Kingdom.
  • Compare and contrast a small area of the United Kingdom with that of a non-European country.
  • Explore weather and climate in the United Kingdom and around the world.
  • Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to and describe key physical and human features of locations.  
  • Use world maps, atlases and globes.
  • Use simple compass directions.
  • Use aerial photographs.
  • Use fieldwork and observational skills.

Opportunities to:
  • Locate the world’s countries, with a focus on Europe and countries of particular interest to pupils.
  • Locate the world’s countries, with focus on North and South America and countries of particular interest to pupils. 
  • Identify key geographical features of the countries of the United Kingdom, and show an understanding of how some of these aspects have changed over time. 
  • Locate the geographic zones of the world.
  • Understand the significance of the geographic zones of the world.
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region or area of the United Kingdom (different from that taught at Key Stage 1).
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region or area in a European country. 
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of the human and physical geography of a region or area within North or South America.
  • Describe and understand key aspects of:
    • physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers,   
    • mountains,  volcanoes and earthquakes and the water cycle
    • human geography, including: settlements, land use, economic activity including trade  
    • links and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and
    • water supplies.
    • Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied.
    • Use the eight points of a compass, four-figure grid references, symbols and keys (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build knowledge of the United Kingdom and the world.
    • Use a wide range of geographical sources in order to investigate places and patterns.

Essential Learning Objectives for Geography

We have identified 3 essential learning objectives for geography:

To investigate places

To investigate patterns

To communicate geographically


Geography1 web

Art Geogrpahy etc web

Please click here for National Curriculum Programme of Study for Geography

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