Houghton Primary School

"Working hard to achieve our best"


Details of the mathematics curriculum for each year group for each term can be found on the class webpages


Essential characteristics of mathematicians

We have identified the following essential charateristics which we aim to develop to enable children to become confident and independent mathematicians:

An understanding of the important concepts and an ability to make connections within mathematics.

A broad range of skills in using and applying mathematics.

Fluent knowledge and recall of number facts and the number system.

The ability to show initiative in solving problems in a wide range of contexts, including the new or unusual.

The ability to think independently and to persevere when faced with challenges, showing a confidence of success.

The ability to embrace the value of learning from mistakes and false starts.

The ability to reason, generalise and make sense of solutions.

Fluency in performing written and mental calculations and mathematical techniques.

A wide range of mathematical vocabulary.

A commitment to and passion for the subject.

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Essential opportunities for mathematics

In order to ensure that our children are provided with a range of opportunities to enable them to become independent and confident mathematicians we provide:

Key Stage One Key Stage Two

Opportunities to:

  • Count and calculate in a range of practical contexts.
  • Use and apply mathematics in everyday activities and across the curriculum.
  • Repeat key concepts in many different practical ways to secure retention.
  • Explore numbers and place value up to at least 100.
  • Add and subtract using mental and formal written methods in practical contexts.
  • Multiply and divide using mental and formal written methods in practical contexts.
  • Explore the properties of shapes.
  • Use language to describe position, direction and movement.
  • Use and apply in practical contexts a range of measures, including time.
  • Handle data in practical contexts.

Opportunities to:

  • Count and calculate in increasingly complex contexts, including those that cannot be experienced first hand.
  • Rigorously apply mathematical knowledge across the curriculum, in particular in science, technology and computing.
  • Deepen conceptual understanding of mathematics by frequent repetition and extension of key concepts in a range of engaging and purposeful contexts.
  • Explore numbers and place value so as to read and understand the value of all numbers.
  • Add and subtract using efficient mental and formal written methods.
  • Multiply and divide using efficient mental and formal written methods.
  • Use the properties of shapes and angles in increasingly complex and practical contexts, including construction and engineering contexts.
  • Describe position, direction and movement in increasingly precise ways.
  • Use and apply measures to increasingly complex contexts.
  • Gather, organize and interrogate data.
  • Understand the practical value of using algebra.

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Essential learning objectives for mathematics

We have identified 9 essential learning objectives for mathematics:

To know and use numbers

To use fractions

To use measures

To add and subtract

To understand the properties of shapes

To use statistics

To multiply and divide

To describe position, direction and movement

To use algebra

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The essential approach to teaching mathematics

Mathematics is taught every day (or for at least 5 sessions a week) in Key Stages 1 and 2. Teachers provide the essential opportunities to develop mathematical knowledge, skills and understanding as identified in the essential learning objectives in their teaching of mathematics as a separate subject and across the curriculum. 

In Key Stage 2, one session each week is devoted to teaching and development of mental mathematics skills within a context of ability grouped work which includes testing, self-marking and immediate follow-up teaching in accordance to gaps in understanding.

Teachers use the essential learning objectives and milestones for their class, planning according to the needs of the children identified through ongoing and half termly assessments. 

Across the school there is an emphasis on practical activites, problem solving and children being required to explain and reason.

5 explaining our thinking

CLick here for National Curriculum Programmes of Study for Maths 

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