Houghton Primary School

"Working hard to achieve our best"

Science

Details of the Science Curriculum for each term for each year group can be found on the class webpages

 Essential characteristics of scientists

We have identified the following essential characteristics which we aim to develop to enable children to become independent and confident scientists:

  • The ability to think independently and raise questions about working scenically and the knowledge and skills that this brings.
  • Confidence and competence in the full range of practical skills, taking the initiative in, for example, planning and carrying out scientific investigations.
  • Excellent scientific knowledge and understanding which is demonstrated in written and verbal explanations, solving challenging problems and reporting scientific findings.
  • High levels of originality, imagination and/or innovation in the application of skills.
  • The ability to undertake practical work in a variety of contexts, including fieldwork.
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Essential approach to teaching Science at Houghton Primary School

In order that our learners are enabled to develop the essential characteristics of scientists we teach science within a contextual approach which provides opportunities for independence and problem solving as children search for answers to questions or challenges. Supported by the teaching of a full range of practical and study skills children are enabled to carry out investigations and research which will develop their scientific knowledge and understanding. Our approach seeks to develop confidence and to stimulate original ideas. It encourages and celebrates imaginative and innovative solutions. We seek to inspire and motivate our children to want to find out more and to develop a thirst for scientific knowledge.

Water cycle experiment

Science is taught mainly within a topic based approach in a two year cycle (key ‘milestones’ are Year 2, 4 and 6). In order for our essential approach to be successful our planning allows for flexibility within the timetable in order to enable focused days or weeks of scientific work which is undertaken in a cross-curricular approach. This ensures that skills in reading, writing, communication, ICT and mathematics can be applied successfully within scientific work. We also take every opportunity in science to undertake environmental work, enterprise projects and work that involves the children in risk management.

Science is assessed termly using criteria from Milestone Indicators which define ‘basic’,  ‘advancing’ and ‘deep’ learning. Assessment of children’s scientific skills is used to plan for the coming term.

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Essential opportunities for science

In order to ensure that our children are provided with a range of opportunities to enable them to become scientists we provide:

Key Stage One

Key Stage Two
Biology

Opportunities to:

Plants:

  • Identify, classify and describe their basic structure.
  • Observe and describe growth and conditions for growth.

Habitats:

  • Look at the suitability of environments and at food chains

Animals and Humans:

  • Identify, classify and observe
  • Look at growth, basic needs, exercise, food and hygiene

*All living things:

  • Investigate differences

Opportunities to write:

Plants:

Look at the function of parts of flowering plants, requirements of growth, water transportation in plants, life cycles and seed dispersal.

Evolution and inheritance:

Look at;

  • Resemblance in offspring
  • Changes in animals over time
  • Adaptation to environments
  • Differences in offspring
  • Adaptation and evolution
  • Changes to the human skeleton over time

Animals and humans:

Look at;

  • Nutrition, transportation of water and nutrients in the body and the muscles and skeleton system of humans and animals
  • The digestive system in humans
  • Teeth
  • The human circulatory system

All living things:

  • Identify and name plants and animals

Look at;

  • Classification keys
  • The life cycle of animals and plants
  • Classification of plants, animals and micro-organisms
  • Reproduction in plants and animals and human growth and changes
  • The effect of diet, exercise and drugs.
Chemistry

Opportunities to:

Materials:

  • Identify, name, describe, classify and compare properties and changes
  • Look at the practical uses of everyday materials

Opportunities to write:

Rocks and Fossils:

  • Compare and group rocks and describe the formation of fossils

States of matter:

  • Look at solids, liquids and gases, changes of state, evaporation, condensation and the water cycle.

Materials:

  • Examine the properties of materials using various tests
  • Look at solubility and recovering dissolved substances
  • Separate mixtures
  • Examine changes to materials that create new materials that are usually not reversible

Physics

Opportunities to:

*Light:

  • Look at sources and reflections

*Sound:

  • Look at sources

*Electricity:

  • Look at appliances and circuits

Forces:

  • Describe basic movements

Earth and Space:

  • Observe seasonal changes

Opportunities to write:

Light:

  • Look at sources, seeing, reflections and shadows
  • Explain how light appears to travel in straight lines and how this affects seeing and shadows

Sound:

  • Look at sources, vibration, volume and pitch

Electricity:

Look at;

  • Appliances, lamps, switches, insulators and conductors
  • circuits, the effect of voltage in cells and the resistance and conductivity of materials

Forces and magnets:

Look at;

  • contact and distant forces,, comparing and grouping materials
  • poles, attraction and repulsion
  • the effect of gravity and drag forces
  • transference of forces in gears, pulleys, levers and springs

Earth and Space:

  • Look at the movement of the Earth and the Moon
  • Explain day and night

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Essential learning objectives for science

We have identifieds the following essential learning objectives for Science:

Working Scientifically:

To work Scientifically

Biology:

To understand plants

To understand animals and humans

To investigate living things

To understand evolution and inheritance 

Chemistry:

To investigate materials

Physics:

To understand movement, forces and magnets

To understand the Earth’s movement in space

To investigate light and seeing

To investigate sound and hearing

To understand electrical circuits

rocket seeds

In 2016 we took part in the National Rocket Seeds Experiment... planting and trying to grow seeds that had orbited the Earth with astronaut Tim Peake!

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-36038508

Click here for National Curriculum Programme of Study for Science

 


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